Indonesia sanitation sector development has been growing rapidly in the last decade with the launching of National Strategic for Community Based Total Sanitation (CBTS) in 2008, or said as Sanitasi Total Berbasis Masyarakat (STBM) in Bahasa Indonesia. However, Indonesia is facing new big challenge with the new target of Universal Access for water and sanitation. It has been declared by Central Government that by 2019 there will be one hundred percent of access to improve water supply, zero percent of slum area, and one hundred percent access to safe sanitation, which known taglined as “100-0-100” targets.
Despite the progress of CBTS in rural areas, the urban sanitation development is somewhat slow. The zero-subsidized triggering approach of CBTS which originally developed for rural area seems not confidently applied in urban areas and urges some modifications. Moreover, the fast changing in global urban context is mandatorily need special attention. Nowadays, half of population lives in the cities and many more will move to urban areas as affected by fast growing development in urban areas, this will increase special issue in sanitation infrastructures and social affairs.
Ministry of Health, Government of Indonesia, held a stakeholders workshop to develop National Roadmap of Community Based Total Sanitation (CBTS) in 2014-2019 years. The CBTS or said as Sanitasi Total Berbasis Masyarakat (STBM) in Bahasa Indonesia, is a national policy for sanitation which focused behavior change as fundamental approach in sanitation development. STBM implemented by 5 pillars of strategy, which are: (1) Open Defecation Free as pillar 1, and Hand Washing With Soap as pillar 2, and no 3 is House Hold Water Treatment Management, (4) House Hold Solid Waste Management and (5) Domestic Waste Water Management. STBM has been mandated in the National Mid Term Planning and Development (Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Nasional, RPJMN) 2014-2019, and target to reach 45.000 villages as STBM’s villages until 2019.
Government, through Directorate Housing Plan, Ministry of Public Works and People Housing, has released national fund, namely Deconcentralization Budget, for housing plan at sub-national level. The Deconcentralization Budget (DC) is a (re)new fund scheme provide by national government to help the province to strengthen capacity of government officer and other stakeholders for better planning and implementation of housing program in their area. Previously DC scheme for housing (DCfH) has been delivered in 2011, but then stopped after 1 year implemented, due to a changing policy and target from (former) Housing Minister.
Water is the core of sustainable development. Water resources, and the range of services they provide, underpin poverty reduction, economic growth and environmental sustainability. The growth of a city will increase the demand of water and energy. Economic growth and individual wealth are shifting diets from predominantly starch-based to meat and dairy, which require more water.
Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Nasional (RPJMN) Tahun 2014-2019 telah memuat target Pemerintah tentang permukiman, yaitu: seratus persen penduduk mendapat akses air minum (100%), tidak ada kawasan kumuh (0%) dan seratus persen penduduk mendapat akses sanitasi (100%), yang harus dicapai pada tahun 2019. Tagline yang umum digunakan adalah 100-0-100. Untuk mencapai target tersebut, setidaknya dibutuhkan investasi sebesar 272 Triliun rupiah untuk 100% air minum dan 273 Triliun rupiah untuk 100% sanitasi. Untuk sanitasi, kebutuhan investasi rata-rata mencapai 54,6T rupiah pertahun. Investasi ini diharapkan mempu menutup celah (gap) cakupan layanan sebesar hampir 39%, yaitu dari 61% (data per-2013) menjadi 100% (2019). Pada sisi lain akan terdapat potensi kerugian (potential loss) sebesar 56Triliun pertahun bila tidak dilakukan perbaikan sanitasi (studi WSP, 2008).
Today, until one week ahead, thousands people who have concern and business in water and sanitation meet in the biggest water event, called as World Water Forum (WWF). 2015 is the year of 7th event held, take place in Daegu and Gyeongbuk cities, Republic of Korea, on date 12-17 April 2015. Conference is opened by President of Korea, Park Geun-hye on at 12th April 2015.
Yayasan Wahana Indonesia Membangun with acronym WIN is a leading to develop people self-reliance in multi-sector community developments such as water and environmental health, community health, education, micro finance, and any other related sectors through improving people potentials and local managerial capacity. This is in order to get sustainable development.
WIN, though immature established, has a lot of experienced founders who have commonly more than 15 years working in the field of community development and study of that development. Most of their experience is in the sector of water supply and environmental health through an approach on empowering local community management and capacity. This similar approach is also used when they manage other community development sector projects..